Speech therapy is a type of therapy that focuses on helping individuals overcome communication disorders or difficulties. A speech therapist, also known as a speech-language pathologist, works with people of all ages, from infants to the elderly, to evaluate and treat various speech, language, and communication disorders.
Speech therapy may involve the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of a variety of communication difficulties, including but not limited to:
Articulation disorders (difficulty producing sounds and pronouncing words)
Stuttering (repetitions, prolongations, or interruptions in speech)
Voice disorders (hoarseness, vocal nodules, and other issues affecting the voice)
Language disorders (difficulty understanding or using language)
Pragmatic language disorders (difficulty using language appropriately in social situations)
Aphasia (difficulty with language following a stroke or brain injury)
Cognitive communication disorders (difficulty with memory, attention, and problem-solving as they relate to communication)
Speech therapy is tailored to the individual’s needs and may involve individual therapy, group therapy, parent training, and school-based therapy. Speech therapists use a variety of techniques, exercises, and tools, including technology, to help individuals overcome their communication difficulties and improve their overall quality of life.